This post will show you how to create paragraphs in your IELTS writing task 1 report and what information to include in each of them.

We suggest a 4-paragraph structure for the IELTS writing task 1:

  1. Introduction
  2. Overview
  3. Supporting paragraph
  4. Supporting paragraph

You rarely need to have a final conclusion to form a 5-paragraph report unless you need a band 8.0 and above in task 1. The overview is your conclusion that incorporates the most significant trends or features.

 

Introduction

The key purpose of an introduction is to paraphrase the title of your report. We suggest you use a combination of the below to re-write the title:

  • Using synonyms to replace the keywords in the title
  • Changing the word order
  • Changing the word form

Let’s use the below task 1 question as an example.

IELTS Writing Task 1 Stokeford

Retrieved from (The Official Cambridge Guide to IELTS, pg. 110) on 3 December 2016

We need to paraphrase the title of this report: “The following maps show the changes that have taken place in the centre of a town since 1700.”

To begin with, let’s identify the keywords that can be replaced by synonyms: maps; changes that have taken place; and centre of a town.

Therefore, a sample introduction may read: The group plan display the changes that occurred in the town centre between 1700 and now.

 

Overview

An overview for the above map question should include 1-2 sentences about the most obvious changes that have taken place between the two illustrations. Taking a brief look, there are many changes such as the green space, roads, car park, and hotel..etc. While it is hard to mention all these in the overview, we can see that generally there is less green space, no farm, and more houses in the town today.

Keeping things simple, our overview can be: In general, it is obvious that the town has undergone a remarkable transformation to better accommodate a modern lifestyle

 

Supporting Paragraphs

As the above example is a map question we need to consider the followings and select the most obvious for the overview:

  1. Change of quantity
  2. Change in size
  3. Change of position
  4. Remain constant
  5. Things being replaced
  6. Things added
  7. Things removed

To put things into perspective, below are the changes

  1. Change of quantity – 16 houses were built to the left of the shops in the bottom corner; a remarkable number of houses were developed to the top-right side
  2. Change in size – the roads have been improved and widened; green area on the top-left corner was reduced
  3. Change of position –  hotel was expanded;  Goode Farm was relocated towards right
  4. Remain constant – Market Square and the church have remained identical
  5. Things being replaced – the house in the bottom-right corner was replaced by the supermarket, stables have been replaced by the block of flats
  6. Things added – lanes were drawn on roads; traffic lights were erected; car park was built
  7. Things removed – Steggle Farm and fields were removed

 

Once we have a list of all the changes, it is easy to separate them into 2 paragraphs with some cohesives devices linking the sentences.

The 2 body paragraphs may look like:

In greater detail, we can see that although the positions of all the roads have been kept constant, they have been improved and widened, with lanes being drawn and traffic lights being erected. This has caused the green area on the top-left corner to decrease and resulted in the removal of the Steggle Farm in the bottom-left corner. In the centre, both the Market Square and the church have remained identical while the hotel has been expanded, with green space being added to the area.

In the top-centre of the town, a gigantic car park has been constructed, causing the Goode Farm to be relocated towards the right. In the bottom-centre, fields were removed and two shops were added to form a row of five shops. Also, 16 houses have been built to the left of those shops. In addition, a supermarket in the bottom-right corner has replaced the house.  To the top-right side, there is a remarkable expansion of the houses and the stables have been reconstructed to become the block of flats. Green pasture was replaced.

To sum up, the town centre has changed significantly and a shift from a more rural to urban trend is discernible.

When everything is put together:

The maps/ layout diagrams display the changes that occurred in the centre of a town between 1700 and now.

In general, it is obvious that the town has undergone significant urbanization to better accommodate a modern lifestyle.

In greater detail, we can see that although the positions of all the roads have been kept constant, they have been improved and widened, with lanes being drawn and traffic lights being erected. This has caused the green area on the top-left corner to decrease and resulted in the removal of the Steggle farm in the bottom-left corner. In the centre, both the Market Square and the church have remained identical while the hotel has been expanded, with green space being added to the area.

In the top-centre of the town, a gigantic car park has been constructed, causing the Goode Farm to be relocated towards the right. In the bottom-centre, fields were removed and two shops were added to form a row of five shops. Also, 16 houses have been built to the left of those shops. In addition, a supermarket in the bottom-right corner has replaced the house.  To the top-right side, there is a remarkable expansion of the houses and the stables have been reconstructed to become the block of flats. Green pasture was replaced.

To sum up, the town centre has changed significantly and a shift from a more rural to urban trend is discernible.

 

 

Paragraphing in IELTS writing task 1

One thought on “Paragraphing in IELTS writing task 1

  • January 29, 2017 at 5:41 am
    Permalink

    thank you very much for your excellent comment and suggestion in the above paragraphs.

Comments are closed.